snails Deseases and Pests

You must be aware of several predators, parasites and diseases if you really want to make it in this business Because Snails have many natural predators, including members of all major vertebrate groups, carnivorous snails, ground beetles, leeches and even predatory caterpillars.

Predators
When we talk about predators the major predators of snail farming are field mice, rats and shrews, frogs and toads, thrushes, crows and domesticated birds such as ducks and turkeys, lizards and snakes, drilid and carabid beetles, and millipedes and centipedes. The frogs tend to take only the young snails, while the reptiles eat both eggs and snails of all ages.
If your farm is located in an area with high bird predation, it is necessary to use nets to cover your pens. You should make sure you are removing leftover food daily from pens because some predators, particularly rats and field mice, are attracted by the leftover foods. These predators can decimate a farm in a few days.

snail farming / snail predator


Diseases
The disease that are known which attack snails are fungal disease it spread through physical contact by the snails licking slime from each other's bodies. The first is a bacterial disease, caused by Pseudomonas; it leads to intestinal infections that may spread rapidly amongst dense snail populations. The second disease is caused by the fungus Fusarium, which parasitises their eggs of Helix aspersa. The affected eggs turn reddish-brown and development stops. This disease is commonly referred to as 'rosy eggs disease'.


Parasites, nematodes, trematodes, fungi, and microarthropods can attack snails, and such problems can spread rapidly when snail populations are dense. The bacterium Pseudomonas eruginosa causes intestinal infections that can spread rapidly in a crowded snail pen so make sure that your pen is not over crowded..
Possible predators include rats, mice, moles, skunks, weasels, birds, frogs and toads, lizards, walking insects (e.g., some beetle and cricket varieties), some types of flies, centipedes, and even certain carnivorous snail species, such as Strangesta capillacea can also feed on your snail if your pen is not well secured.

snail farming / snail diseases

Basic hygiene prevents the spread of diseases. What you can do to prevent your snail farm from dis disease is to make sure you are cleaning it regularly to remove excreta and uneaten food, as well as any other decaying matter that may serve as substrate for pathogenic organisms. It is also advisable to sterilise the soil in hutch boxes by steaming or heating every time they are being prepared for a new batch of egg.


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